how to choose a camera

Is it worth it to change the old camera to a new one?

Before you another article on the topic how to choose a camera.

So, let's open the question from the title. As a rule, a camera upgrade means replacing:

What depresses me in this matter is the lack of any clarifications. If the question sounds exactly like this, without additions, “Should I change my old camera for a new one?”, then in general it doesn’t matter at all.

You can change, you can not change - it will not change anything. The problem is that people blame failures on their technique, not their skills.

What do newer models of cameras give?

  • In terms of photography, new cameras will not make pictures fundamentally more beautiful / better.
  • In terms of video, they will give more resolution, autofocus and better dynamic range. It will be eye-catching.

In terms of just pressing a button and expecting results, the new cameras will produce better quality video, but almost exactly the same photos as old camera models.
If you aim for a quality result, then you need to upgrade your shooting skills first of all.

Buy and not think - the motto of our time

People often don't understand how a camera works, when to use light, when to use high-aperture optics. Instead of sorting out the issue, it is much easier for them to spend money on a new camera and expect a fundamentally different result. But he won't.

Can you shoot with the old one?

I am not saying that it is necessary to shoot for junk, tk. technique is not important. Not at all. If you are into photography/videography, using the new technique is much more enjoyable than the old one. Just don't confuse results with ease of use.

The essence of the upgrade is to make it easier and more convenient to shoot and that's it. Although this does not apply new cameras from Sony. The difference in technical parameters does not have such a critical result as many people think.

Regarding the quality of shooting, when I draw parallels between new and old cameras, I mentally compare cameras of the same price segment and with the same sensor size. It would be foolish to say that the camera on micre 4/3 shoots just like full frame.

Another thing is, some people believe in progress so strongly that they think that the new crop can be better or at least the same as the old full frame. It is nonsense. Full-frame cameras give a different color reproduction and display volume in a different way. The new mirrorless crop will have better autofocus, maybe even less noise at high ISOs, but it won't be a full frame. Even if you attach stupid speedbooster.

At the same time, and full frame not required to buy. Especially in the hope that the pictures will get better. It's not the salt.


The article turned out to be quite skeptical and nihilistic. What is the truth? The truth is that it is necessary to set specific tasks, for which the technique will be used. The tasks “I want to shoot children, nature, landscapes, the sea, portraits” can be performed by any camera ... and any phone already. The task of “I want to shoot” a video is performed by any modern camera. “I want to take beautiful pictures” - absolutely any camera will do.

For a competent choice of a particular model, you also need to correctly raise the question and accurately understand your goals. If the question is not accurate, then you can take anything. It won't affect anything.

Also I can order a consultation on the choice of technology.

investment in photography

Is it worth investing in photography equipment?

This question was asked to me in different variations on youtube, so I decided to make a detailed answer.

Due to economic instability and fluctuations in the exchange rates of national currencies, people think in order to invest money so that they do not disappear / depreciate.

While I am writing this article, I am very restrained not to write:

Investing in cameras and lenses is sheer idiocy.

Oops, I couldn't resist. All the same, he wrote at once, almost without a preface.

Where does the idea of ​​“investing” in photography come from?

To begin with, I will describe why such a “brilliant” idea comes to the mind of some people.

Some people with cameras see how the rate in the exchange office is growing ... but it's boring to buy currency, so I want to buy something fun. And the new toy is fun. But we're talking about investments here, and not about toys. This is where the concept changes. I want a toy, but we call it an investment.

More advanced level - you need to invest in glass (into lenses), it does not depreciate so quickly. For many years this has been partly true. Used lenses lose less in price than used cameras. But in general, it is still a delusion.

Another argument “for” investing in photographic equipment is she is getting more expensive. The most gifted calculate such rises in prices exclusively in national currency - without comment.

But there is another objectively determined increase in the price of lenses and cameras that happened in 2020-2021. This is a situation where even old models of cameras / lenses have suddenly risen in price in stores. The reason is the global semiconductor crisis. The world began to lack chips and other components for complex electronics. This affected not only photographic equipment. When production sags, this is expected to lead to higher prices. However, this still does not make buying a camera an investment for the future.

Here I gave reasons why people have such thoughts. Next, I will explain what the deep misconception is.

What is an investment?

The essence of any investment is to save money in the long run. The investment must be resistant to crises, currency fluctuations and even social upheavals. They should also ideally be easily convertible, that is, liquid.

Why is investing in photographic equipment a form of idiocy?

The demand for photographic equipment exists in a relatively healthy society that cares about satisfying secondary needs. In a society where survival becomes the main thing, no one needs photographic equipment for nothing.

The spring of 2020 clearly demonstrated this. Prices for used lenses quickly collapsed one and a half to two times, and then they lay on flea markets without demand. People sat at home and were afraid, they were not at all up to it. Who even needs these photo toys in a shocked society?

Maslow's pyramid must be honored.

maslow's pyramid

Someone will naturally answer - sooner or later the shock passes, but the investment remains. Yes, only a real investment, not buying another toy. In the second half of 2020, prices for used photographic equipment more or less recovered. But there is another nuance here.

The photography market is shrinking and losing popularity every year.

Every year people need cameras less and less. Photographers and people who already have an optics park will disagree with me. It is clear that those who are in the subject appreciate and cherish their goodness. But I am talking about a global situation among all people, not just among professional photographers, which are getting smaller.

Photography as such does not die out, but becomes niche and intimate. Just as theater was replaced by cinema, cinema was replaced by television, and TV by the Internet. Now some people still go to theaters. But the number of such people is very small. Likewise with photography.

If the market narrows, then the demand for equipment also narrows. Falling demand leads to falling prices. That is, let's say you bought some used lens as an investment. But after 2 years you will sell it conditionally 30% cheaper, because fewer people are interested in this and in addition, new models will come out to replace this lens.

By the way, taking new equipment as an investment is doubly stupid. Just like with a car - when you leave the store with a new lens, it already drops in price by 10 percent, because. it has already become used and you will sell it at a flea market with a markdown.

Technology and relevance

Investment in photographic equipment - complete idiocy, because all technological goods are subject to rapid obsolescence.

It's just like saying and let's invest in the latest iPhone - he's so expensive. In a year, your iPhone will cost 50% less, because. a new model will come out. Last year's iPhone will no longer be relevant and its price will automatically collapse.

Fallacy of the old-timers

In the case of photographic equipment, there is such a strategy among the old-timers - to buy top-end, but old lenses. The logic is that they have already lost as much as possible in price, and you take it used and then sell it for about the same. It kind of works, but only in a certain period of time. Even they are still noticeably cheaper over time. Plus, all old equipment loses liquidity and is subject to wear and tear. BUT lens/camera repair is an expensive and thankless task.

Old good expensive lenses are also subject to price reductions. But this is not because they wear out (although this too) or because the new models are fundamentally better. They are mainly depreciated by the nature of the demand.

The largest and solvent demand for photographic equipment among beginners. They are willing to pay well for new toys. And beginners prefer to buy new top model in the store, and not scour the flea markets among the "irrelevant" and dumb photo junk. Price for those good old lenses still somehow kept at the expense of the old-timers, but this is a temporary phenomenon.

Case study: Canon announced its intention to expand its line of RF optics on about 30 more lenses by 2025.

What do you think will happen to the prices of old EF lenses at flea markets?

They will tend to the bottom. Yes, this is good news for those in the know. But these people do not define the market. The market is determined by newcomers. And beginners want to take the newest, because the photos will be better. It doesn't matter that it shoots the same way. We are talking about the economy here, not about art.

So it turns out in the end that investing in a camera or lens is a waste of money on something that will inevitably fall in price. When buying this or that lens/camera, you get a thing that has already been or will soon be replaced by another new one. This leads to a fall in the value of a thing and a fall in demand for it. You can buy some lens at a sweet price, and then you can’t sell it at all, because. there will be no demand for it.

I remembered another argument in favor of such an “investment”:

I’ll buy it now, then this camera / lens will be more expensive.

In the short term it is quite possible. But only in the short term. Globally, this technique is depreciating in the same way as all photo activities.


If you still want to buy one lens or another - then buy. But don't kid yourself that this is an investment that will save you money. Tell yourself honestly - I buy a toy for pleasure.

You can think of buying another lens as a collectible. Someone collects butterflies / postage stamps, and someone collects photographic equipment. The main thing is not to be mistaken, wishful thinking. Talking about investments is often just an excuse to spend money on your photo entertainment.

Investing is not about buying toys.

It has always been profitable to invest in knowledge. This site has such an opportunity, because I can order an individual consultation.

What is the Goby Effect? (in the photo)

Most likely you came to this page after searching Goby effect in google or youtube. The term did not appear out of nowhere. To understand it, you need to study its etymology.

Etymology of the Goby Effect

Owners of some compact cameras often feel a lack of professionalism and coolness due to the unconvincing dimensions of their photographic belongings. In order to compensate for the missing size, some adepts micra 4/3 resort to various tricks like hanging useless monitors, microphones, lamps and other nonsense in order to make their instrument look bigger, more impressive and more solid. When a lot is attached to the camera, that's when the Goby Effect is achieved.

How does the term "Goby Effect" stand for?

Literally, this means the effect of the Big Black Camera. For the convenience of pronunciation, the phrase Big Black Camera was phonetically reduced to Bull.


Steer Effect Technique - Canon R5 + EF 16-35mm f2.8L II

Technique WITHOUT the Goby Effect - Fujifilm X-S10 + Pergear 10mm f8
fujifilm xs10 + pergear 10mm f8

Varieties of the Goby Effect

There are two types of this effect based on its genesis:

  • Congenital. This is the noblest variation of the Goby Effect. In this case, the effect is observed immediately - that is, right out of the box. In practice, this effect manifests itself immediately after taking the camera / lens out of the box - you and everyone around you immediately see the Goby Effect and understand that everything is serious, there is no time for jokes. This technique instantly characterizes you as a professional. After all, a professional cannot walk with an unconvincingly small instrument. This type of Goby Effect is as true as possible. He reveals himself not vitro with artificial additives, and in box - it immediately makes itself felt right out of the box.
  • Acquired. This Goby Effect has to be satisfied with those who have an unconvincingly small photographic tool. Thin / short lens, body weight less than 800g, etc. In this case, in order to be perceived as a serious professional, you will have to buy a rig, handle, monitor, hood, compendium, microphone (can I have two), recorder and stuff it all on top of each other. When you feel that the dimensions of your camera are professional enough, you can calm down, because you have achieved Acquired Goby Effect.

Pros and cons of the Goby Effect

An obvious plus - when you have a pronounced Goby Effect, you will immediately be perceived as a serious professional photographer /filmmaker... This, in fact, is what they strive for the acquired Goby Effect.

The downside is that if you are an amateur photographer, then a large camera will attract unnecessary attention of strangers.

The subject of the Goby Photo Effect is covered in this video (starting at minute 43):