how to set up canon for video

How to set up Canon cameras for video shooting?

Let's talk about how to achieve optimal video quality when using Canon cameras. The settings are universal for almost any camera. They apply to any cameras, with the exception of only some parameters (sort of like the Log profile only available on full-frame mirrorless cameras).

Let's analyze the points.

1) Exposure and white balance

A universal rule for any video shooting is that the shutter speed should be equal to the frame rate times two. Therefore, in most situations, a shutter speed of 1/50 is standard. If you're shooting indoors, it's easy. But if you're shooting outdoors during the day, you'll need ND filters to reduce the amount of light that hits the sensor. I highly recommend such a set.

Canon cameras do a good job of auto-detecting white balance. So you can often get away with it. But keep in mind that in all modern canons there are two types of AutoBB - AWB and AWB (W). Normal AWB is good for shooting outdoors during the day or indoors with window light. AWB(w) is needed for shooting at night in the city or shooting indoors with warm light bulbs.

If you are shooting a video (for example, a blog) with constant light indoors, then you need to set the white balance in Kelvins or use manual white balance according to gray map.

Please note that for video recording it is very important to correctly set the white balance when shooting. Correcting it in the way that photographers are used to editing WB when processing RAW files in the editor will not work. BB errors on video can be fatal to the final result. Follow the correct setting.

2) Autofocus/manual focus

All modern cameras have two main modes of autofocus for video: focusing with tracking and tracking faces, eyes, moving objects AND focusing by zone (small dot, large square, etc.).

In all promotional materials, they praise the focus with various types of tracking. It is really very convenient in a number of subjects. But! If you are shooting a report with a large number of people, I do not recommend using full auto. It is much more reliable to use point tracking focus and even turn it off sometimes.

There are also situations when it is generally better to shoot without autofocus. Any focusing system, no matter how cool, can fail. Therefore, if you shoot a static object from the same distance for a long time, then it is better to focus once and turn it off.

3) Frame rate selection

The frame rate when shooting video in most cameras can be 24, 25, 30, 60 or 120 fps. For most tasks, 24 or 25 fps will do. Depending on PAL/NTSC mode. If you have a question "why don't I have 24 frames, but only 25?" or "why don't I have 120 fps but only 100 fps?“, then you need to change the dependency mode from PAL to NTSC or vice versa in a separate menu item.

A frame rate of 60fps is needed if you want to make slow motion video OR if you want to do fast pans or other camera movements. 60fps allows you to deal with strobe while panning.

4) Color Profile (Standard, Natural, Log and Gamuts)

For shooting video, there are two main profiles for Canon cameras:

  • Standard
  • Natural

In both profiles, set the contrast to a minimum.

Natural is better, because. gives an even lower contrast image compared to the standard profile. But on some cameras (for example, Canon m50) the natural profile looks dumb, the color rendition is lame. Therefore, see for yourself which profile will be better on your camera.

In my experience, I can say that on all Canon full-frame cameras, the "Natural" profile is more preferable for video shooting.

The log profile is currently only available on top Canon mirrorless cameras. About how to paint it, I wrote here.

5) Sharpness and detail

Sharpness is a broad topic. Most Canon cameras have problems with detail when shooting video.

It depends on:

  1. Lighting qualities
  2. Intracameral image reading from the matrix (is there a line skip or not)
  3. Color profile settings
  4. Lens

You can influence the lighting, set the optimal sharpness value in the menu and put on a sharp lens. But in cameras with soapy video, it is better not to touch the sharpness parameter in the image profile.

I want to warn you - the lens is NOT IMPORTANT here. The main thing is the light and what camera model you have. Many Canon cameras shoot video at "unfair" resolutions and there's nothing you can do about it other than upgrade your camera.

6) About bitrate: ALL-I, IPB?

Many associate bitrate with image quality, but this is not true. Almost all modern cameras have a fairly large bitrate in the standard IPB mode. Therefore, bet on IPB and do not bother. ALL-I will not give any increase in quality. You'll just end up with pointlessly large files on your memory card. Recorder won't help either.

More on this topic here.

7) How to choose the optimal light?

There are several recommendations here.

  1. Do not shoot against the light. Make sure that the light falls on the subject. Go around it on the other side or turn it in the right direction.
  2. If you want high quality video indoors, you need to think not about the lens, not about the bitrate, but about how to properly illuminate the person you are shooting. Work with constant light (monoblocks, ring light, lightsabers etc.).
  3. Don't raise your ISO. High ISOs are not something to aim for. Increasing this parameter always leads to a loss of image quality. See the previous two paragraphs.

If you still need to shoot where there is little light and nothing can be done about it, you need to use fast optics.

8) Stabilization

A massive PR campaign among manufacturers of photographic equipment made many believe that matrix stub - Solve any problems with camera shake. If it is in the camera, everything is OK, and if not, then the camera is not for video at all. Nonsense is better to leave in the same place - in promotional materials.

  1. First, the vast majority of kit lenses have built-in optical image stabilization. This is enough for careful handheld shooting.
  2. Secondly, if you want a really smooth video, it's worth buying steadicam. Such a device really opens up great opportunities for video shooting with camera movement.
  3. Thirdly, the tripod is our everything. I wrote about tripods in detail here.

9) Sound

Forget about recording on the in-camera microphone. Or rather, you can certainly use it, but then you should not blame the lens noise and generally make any claims about what will be heard.

There are two general options:

The gun microphone is suitable for reportage filming. Petlichka - for interviews or blogging.

Canon cameras have problems with the built-in audio preamp. Therefore, if you want to get good sound, I recommend using audio recorder. This creates additional mixing work during editing, but improves the sound quality.

Another, more expensive option, and not far off for all cameras, is to buy a new one. audio interface from Tascam.

A small nuance. The sound level indicator during recording on the screen of Canon cameras only appears when the volume level is adjusted manually. At the AUTO volume level, there will be no sound level indication.

For the popular microphone Buoy BY-M1 It is recommended to set the recording volume to a minimum. But in recorder it sounds better.

10) How to process video?

Components of a computer for video processing:

  • Processor preferably 8 cores or more
  • RAM 16-32gb
  • Any graphics card from Nvidia GTX 1070
  • SSD for mounting 500-1000GB
  • HDD for storage from 3TB
  • 4K monitor 27″

More about PC for editing here.

Total

There are many nuances in creating a video and it is impossible to list them in one article. It is difficult to give universal recommendations, because There are specific tasks where you need your own approach. But in general, the above recommendations will be relevant for most tasks and most Canon cameras.

I want to remind you that I can order an individual consultation on setting up / choosing equipment.

How to set up a Canon camera for video?

Canon R video settings:

What SD memory card to buy for video?

Canon C100 color profile settings:

magic lantern for rogues

What is Magic Lantern? Pros and cons

Magic Lantern Firmware hailed on the Internet as a surprisingly unique opportunity to turn old photo junk into a pro-camcorder that can shy RAW video.

I will write directly, as it is, the main thing in this story is that it is cheap and on the old technique. It's an epic like expectations from speedbooster, - I will not pay for a full frame, but I will deceive the system and get a full frame on the crop. The psychology is the same. Pay nothing and get everything. It doesn't happen.

For those who do not know

magic lantern - non-standard software that you install at your own risk in your Canon camera instead of the standard operating system. Basically, it's a camera hack. You can download this joy HERE.

Again, you will do this at your own peril and risk. So there is a chance that your camera will turn into a brick. Arguments like - That Vasya over there is fine and he is shying weddings with Magic Lantern - only self-deception for peace of mind. Vasya may be sharash, and you may have everything flying and you will meet the characteristic green screen of death from Magic Lantern. Or maybe not. Nobody gives guarantees.

magic lantern error

Install Magic Lantern only possible on cameras of previous generations based on DIGIC 4, 5 and 5+ processors. According to rumors, it does not apply to new models, because. the developers were threatened from the official Canon and therefore the fun stopped on cameras from the annals of history.

The following models are supported:

  • Canon 5D Mark II,
  • Canon 5D Mark III,
  • canon 6d,
  • canon 7d,
  • canon 60d,
  • canon 50d,
  • canon 500d,
  • canon 550d,
  • canon 600d,
  • canon 650d,
  • canon 700d,
  • canon 1100d,
  • Canon EOS M.

I personally tested this firmware on Canon 5D Mark III, there is a video about this at the end of the article.

Benefits of Magic Lantern

Alternative Magic Lantern firmware is installed on a memory card and replaces the standard menu interface. It allows you to expand the functionality of the camera and adds features not included by the manufacturer.

Let's list themAnd that is not all):

For photography

  • bracketing by exposure, focus or flash
  • shooting with a delay (for time lapses)
  • timer setting for extra long exposures from 30 seconds to 8 hours
  • electronic shutter (shutter speeds from 15 seconds to 1/10 are available)
  • record audio notes for photos or videos

For video shooting

  • Ability to set custom bitrate
  • Ability to set an arbitrary frame rate (within the capabilities of the camera)
  • HDR video recording
  • Manual adjustment of lens vignetting correction
  • Recording uncompressed 14-bit RAW video
  • Video recording in 2.5K/3K/4K resolutions

Monitoring Tools

  • Zebra
  • Focus peaking
  • Framing grids
  • Focus zoom window
  • Live-view metering
  • Determining exposure False color
  • Waveform monitor
  • histogram
  • Vectorscope
  • Sensor temperature information
  • Shutter counter

Exposure setting

  • Manual white balance at the touch of a button
  • Quick switching between exposure presets
  • Switch exposure simulation on/off
  • Expanding the dynamic range (e.g. double ISO)

Audio

  • Analog/Digital Gain Adjustment
  • Selecting a sound source
  • Turning the wind filter on/off
  • Digital filters (Hi, Lo-pass)
  • USB audio monitoring (headphone out)

More

  • Ability to write your own scripts
  • Ability to customize the menu

The list is simply stunning. For people with a “greedy beginner” complex, this is ideal. The complex consists of the following: I don’t understand this at all, but give me more of everything, pictures / videos will be more beautiful. If you remember that the cameras from the list above today are practically worth nothing on the used market, then it turns out - double damage - a double blow. They gave so much, and even for free.

I will describe the reasons for my skepticism below.

The most notorious feature is the possibility shoot video in RAW format.

Yes, the camera can shoot 14-bit RAW video. You get it in a format that needs to be converted in a special program, which eventually gives you a sequence of DNG files that you process in Lightroom or another program. Then you will need to load this series of hundreds of photos into a video editor and make a video out of them again. The process is long and tedious.

Theoretically, from Magic Lantern you can export video to ProRes. I saw all examples of this magic on a Mac, but at the time of the test this function did not work for me on a PC.

The files pull really well, just like normal RAW files. Modern cameras with RAW video, such as Canon R5, give out only 12-bit raw-video, which stretches noticeably worse. At this place, for sure, someone will triumph and run to roll Magic Lantern for himself. Do not rush to rejoice.

I recorded FullHD raw video on a Transcend CF 1000x card and was limited to about 10 seconds. Further the buffer was hammered and it was necessary to wait. You can buy more expensive CompactFlash cards, but this will not fundamentally improve the situation. You will not see a comfortable recording duration.

The video format is FullHD, but the actual detailing of the files corresponded to HD resolution, that is, lower than stated. This is not surprising, because old Canon cameras write with skipping lines and do not give “honest” detail on video. Magic Lantern does not fix this.

On the Canon 5D mark II, III, with the help of Magic Lantern, you can write high-resolution RAW video in 2.8K and 3.5K formats. No matter how much I danced with a tambourine, it did not work out for me. But there is plenty of evidence on the internet that this is possible.

At that time, I used the camera Canon C100. Compared to her, this whole epic with RAW video was a real torment. What's more, it's pointless. Remove immediately normally, so as not to pull anything and it will be fine. Yes, frames from the video are drawn and then short videos can be made from them. But at what cost does this happen ... If you have a need for a complex flower cutter, buy any blackmagic camera and get RAW or ProRes with much less headache.

If you look at things soberly, then the target audience of this firmware is just the owners of old cameras, and not professional colorists or clip makers. Therefore, the real purpose of this firmware is just to indulge.

Ergonomics

Usability is something that suffers a lot after installing this miracle program.

In general, Canon cameras are distinguished by thoughtful menus and high ergonomics. The Magic Lantern menu looks like this:

magic lantern menu

Looking at it all on the small screen of the camera is such a pleasure. There are many functions, of course. The main question is how much they are really needed and what do they change? In modern cameras, time-lapses, various types of bracketing, and many other features are already everywhere. This firmware adds them to ancient devices, but they do not become modern from this.

In their reviews I constantly repeat - the essence camera upgrade from old to new Not that the pictures will be better. New chambers give additional comfort. This firmware takes away comfort, but you can play with a bunch of settings.

Today, Magic Lantern is not a story about real tasks, but about “playing around”.

Watch my video review of this firmware:

canon eos r7

Rumors about the Canon EOS R7

There are persistent rumors about the release of the APS-C camera Canon EOS-R7 by the end of 2022. This will be Canon's first crop mirrorless with an RF mount, which is currently only found on Canon's full-frame mirrorless cameras.

Outwardly, they promise a design similar to other RF cameras, that is, like Canon r/R6/R5. Honestly, this is what immediately confused me. The design for the crop camera a la Canon R6 suggests that it will not be a small camera and will look like a DSLR. I see the advantage of mirrorless cameras in their weight and compactness, but here we are promised a crop camera in the form factor of a full-frame mirrorless camera. Maybe it will be significantly lighter than the same R6, this is still unknown. But the camera will obviously not be as compact as cameras from the series Canon M.

Inside Canon R7 us perhaps promise:

  • APS-C CMOS sensor with a resolution of 32.5 megapixels.
  • "New" DIGIC X Processor
  • Video 4K / 60f / s and Full HD / 120f / s in 10-bit to a memory card.
  • 5-axis matrix stab.

Let's deal with these possible parameters.

CMOS matrix 32,5 megapixels already present in the 90D and M6 mark II. Something tells me that it will be the same matrix. It doesn't make me happy, personally. At Kenon, the matrix came out noisy and with an average dynamic range. Many megapixels for APS-C and not enough backlight. Matrices BSI (with backlighting) win in working ISO and dynamic range. You can feel it on crop cameras. Here, it seems, there will be a reincarnation of an already familiar Canon 90D.

DIGIC X processor - not new, it is already used in the Canon R6 / R5. It will be new for a crop camera. Canon 90D used DIGIC 8 (same as Canon R). Perhaps, due to a cooler processor, in this camera they will be able to programmatically expand the capabilities of the matrix with noise and DD - this is in question. Also, I would like to hope that due to the same processor in the Canon R7, for the first time, they will give us sharp 4K video from the entire crop matrix without pixel binning, as was the case with the 90D. Will this camera overheat when recording 4K video? Unknown.

Mention 10 bit as a sign of the "quality" of the video in some reviews causes a smile. 10 bits is NOT a quality criterion. This is a tribute to fashion today. Obviously, the camera will be competitive and have all the modern goodies. 4K 60fps and 10bit is no exception. For Canon crops, such parameters will be innovative, although they have long become familiar with other brands.

For the first time, a crop camera from Canon will get matrix stub. Considering that this technology works very well in Canon's full-frame cameras, there is no doubt that it will be just as good in a crop camera, and maybe even better. What it really affects is an open question.

By lenses for Canon EOS R7

Canon currently has quite a few RF mount lenses, but they are all made for full frame cameras. They can also be used on crop mirrorless. But specialized crop lenses have not yet been presented. Obviously, some kind of kit lens will come with the new product. I think they are very likely to be Canon RF 18-45mm f/4-5.6 IS STM. There have been rumors about such a lens for a long time. Although, in terms of parameters, this is more of a plug than a lens.

But there are rumors about more interesting options - Canon RF-S 14-45mm f/2.8 и RF-S 45-150mm f/2.8. Such characteristics will be innovative for crops.

Should I wait?

The camera did not evoke strong emotions for me. Disappointing form factor. As I wrote at the beginning, I want the crop camera to be compact. This thing probably won't.

Main question - what will this camera do that previous models don't?

By photography - MAYBE - it will make less noise at high ISOs. Also, I think we should expect a fast electronic viewfinder - like in R6, R5. I think in terms of rate of fire in photo mode, it will not be inferior to 90D with 11 frames per second. I think there will be very fast autofocus, as in R6 / R5. With this camera, you can easily shoot sports. Only sport in the same way, you can shoot on the Canon 90D and on the Canon 7D mark II. Matrix stub and other buns are not needed for this. And for portraits / landscapes full frame better.

May update: 15fps on the mechanics, 30fps on the electronic shutter.

By video my main expectation is that it should finally be sharp. The second expectation is that this sharp 4K video can be written for a LONG time - at least 1 hour without overheating. It's 50/50 - how it will turn out in reality. But even if the video is sharp and long, I blogger, again confuses the form factor. Although, if due to the large size of the case, it will definitely not overheat on video, then this can be forgiven. By the way, the Canon R5 in crop mode produces detailed 4K video without overheating. So, there is hope.

In general,

As is now customary, in the face of the new Canon EOS R7 we will be given a combine that can do anything. Do I need all this in one cell at once? By and large, I think not. But otherwise today cameras are not sold.

How much will the Canon EOS R7 cost?

My forecast for the price is around $ 1500-2000. This is just my expectation, no information yet.

Date of writing - April 2022

Update May 25, 2022:

Also read Canon EOS R1 Rumors